presbyopia photo

Presbyopia is an eye condition that affects the ability to focus on nearby objects. It is related to the normal aging process of the eye that becomes noticeable around age 40. At this age, the eye's lens starts gradually losing flexibility and, with it, the ability to focus on objects up close. 

Unlike farsightedness, presbyopia is an average aging factor and can be easily corrected. Symptoms of presbyopia include difficulty reading, seeing in a dimly lit environment, and headaches when squinting eyes to focus on nearby objects. 

Treatment for presbyopia ranges from the refractive corrections available, such as prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses, to lens insertion surgery.

Symptoms of Presbyopia

Besides having difficulty focusing on nearby objects, other symptoms of presbyopia may include the following:

  • Headaches when reading or staring at a computer screen for long periods
  • Eye fatigue after prolonged periods of work

Causes of Presbyopia

Your eye works similarly to a camera, where the cornea and lens focus on the light that objects reflect to form images. The cornea is the dome-shaped surface in the front part of your eye, and the lens is inside the eye. This structure bends the light that passes through the pupil to focus the image.

Human Eye Anatomy photo

The eye lens can contract and relax, just like a camera, to focus on nearby or faraway objects. As you age, your lens loses flexibility, and changing its focus becomes harder. This is why images start to become blurry with time.

Risk Factors for Presbyopia

Although presbyopia is usually related to the normal aging process, some factors can increase the risk or extent of the condition. These include:

  • Having a family history of presbyopia
  • Medical conditions, such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases
  • Having refractive conditions like farsightedness
  • Medications like antidepressants or diuretics
  • Previous eye injuries like cataracts or trauma
  • Previous eye surgery
  • Spending prolonged periods reading or staring at a computer screen

Presbyopia Diagnosis

Presbyopia can be diagnosed by performing a comprehensive eye exam and multiple tests to determine the health state of your vision. This typically includes:

  • A visual acuity test that measures your vision at different distances.
  • A dilated eye exam that involves eye drops to dilate and examine your pupils.
  • A slit-lamp exam uses a bright light microscope to examine the cornea, iris, and lens.
  • A refractive test that involves looking through a series of lenses to determine the right prescription to correct your refractive condition.

Treatment for Presbyopia

Multiple options are available for refractive corrections are available. This includes prescription eyeglasses, contact lenses, and lens insertion surgery. The best way to correct your presbyopia will depend on your individual case:

  • Prescription eyeglasses: Bifocal and progressive lenses can help correct near vision problems.
  • Contact lenses: Multifocal contact lenses, just like eyeglasses, can help correct vision problems. This is a commonly chosen option for people who do not want to wear frames. 
  • Surgery: For people who do not want to wear prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses and whose vision problems require it, surgical procedures like implanting an artificial lens may be appropriate. 
  • Vision therapy: To improve the ability to focus, your eye doctor can also provide specific vision exercises.

The best approach to your case of presbyopia will depend on your individual needs and lifestyle. Talking to your doctor and performing regular eye exams will ensure an accurate refractive treatment. 

Presbyopia Treatment in New York

EyesNY offers treatment to help patients treat presbyopia. Our specialized team of ophthalmologists is ready to assess your needs and give you the high-quality vision care you deserve. 

We work with cutting-edge technology to identify the root cause of your condition and create personalized treatment plans. Our caring staff is ready to welcome you and meet your ocular health and vision needs. 

Our comprehensive eye care services include routine and medical eye exams

If you’d like a consultation or more information, call us or request an appointment online. You can also visit any of our clinic locations around New York, including Malta, Clifton Park, Troy, Saratoga Springs, and Queensbury.

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658 Malta Ave., Ste 101
Malta, NY 12020

Phone: (518) 580-0553

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Saratoga Springs
414 Maple Ave Ste 200
Saratoga Springs, NY 12866

Phone: (518) 580-0553

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Clifton Park
1712 U.S. 9
Clifton Park, NY 12065

Phone: (518) 580-0553

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535 Bay Road
Queensbury, NY 12804

Phone: (518) 580-0553

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2200 Burdett Street Ste 206
Troy, NY 12180

Phone: (518) 580-0553

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