Routine and Medical Eye Exams

Routine and medical eye exams involve similar tests, such as refraction, dilatation, intraocular pressure, and personal examination. Ophthalmologists perform these eye exams. 

However, a medical eye exam evaluates and treats medical conditions, while routine eye exams focus on eyeglasses or contact prescriptions. 

At EyesNY, we offer patients routine eye exams to ensure their vision is optimal and medical eye exams to help them identify and treat any health concerns. Our experienced team of specialists offers caring and custom eye care. 

What is the difference between a routine eye exam and a medical eye exam?

Although similar, different types of eye exams target different needs. Our specialists will recommend the best option for your case during your consultation.

Routine Eye Exam

A routine eye exam is the most common type of evaluation. It focuses on identifying the state of your vision and measuring glass or contact prescriptions. Additionally, it may include an overall eye health evaluation to check for any potential medical issues.

Medical Eye Exam

While similar to a routine eye exam, a medical eye exam identifies medical issues that can’t be corrected with eyeglasses. Whether it's an eye condition or a sign of other health issues, your doctor will help you evaluate and recommend treatment during your medical eye exam.

What issues does a routine eye exam cover?

Routine eye exams usually address vision impairment issues such as

These can be easily corrected with the proper refraction test and eyeglass prescription.

What issues does a medical eye exam cover?

Often, eye problems may be a sign of other types of health concerns. During a medical eye exam, your doctor will help you identify these issues and determine treatment options. Some of the conditions that medical eye exams cover include:

What should I expect during a medical eye exam?

During your eye exam, our specialists might ask about your medical or family history of eye diseases. Finding out about your lifestyle and family can help diagnose your eye condition. 

Your Ophthalmologist will then assess your eyes' muscle function and dryness. Multiple tests may be performed, including:

  • An eye pressure test is performed to determine the risk of developing glaucoma. It typically involves a puff of air directed toward your eyeball while your vision focuses on a light source. 
  • A cover test, or an ocular motility test, evaluates eye movement and confirms that your eyes are aligned. During the test, you will be asked to focus on a section of an eye chart while a small paddle alternately covers each of your eyes. The test helps identify strabismus (crossed eyes), amblyopia (lazy eye), poor depth perception, and binocular vision issues.
  • Binocular slit-lamp examination identifies cataracts and scars or scratches on your cornea.
  • Dilated exam assesses the health of the retina and conditions that affect the retina, such as macular degeneration, macular hole, diabetic retinopathy, and retinal detachment.

What should I expect during a regular eye exam?

During a regular eye exam, your doctor conducts a refraction to determine your prescription. This involves trying on different lenses and indicating which ones provide better vision. 

Based on your responses, the most appropriate prescription for eyeglasses or contacts will be determined. Additionally, the regular eye exam includes an evaluation of the overall health of your eyes to check for any potential medical issues.

How often should I get a routine or medical eye exam?

It is essential to detect eye diseases early to ensure timely treatment and preserve vision. According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, a complete eye exam should be scheduled at 40, as early signs of eye diseases typically appear by this time. 

Adults with eye diseases, diabetes, high blood pressure, or a family history of eye disease should see an eye doctor at least twice every six months. Children should have medical eye tests yearly. 

As people age, the risk of eye disease increases, so it's important to adhere to scheduled check-ups. Seniors should have their eyes checked every one to two years once they turn 65, paying attention to age-related eye diseases like:

  • Cataracts
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Age-related macular degeneration
  • Glaucoma

Routine and Medical Eye Exams in New York

EyesNY offers routine and medical eye exams to help patients maintain optimal eye health and prevent vision diseases. Our specialized team of ophthalmologists is ready to assess your needs and give you the high-quality vision care you deserve. 

We work with cutting-edge technology to identify the root cause of your condition and create personalized treatment plans. Our caring staff is ready to welcome you and meet your eye health and vision needs. We offer comprehensive eye care services, including routine and medical eye exams. 

If you’d like a routine and medical eye exam, or more information, contact us, schedule an appointment online, or visit our clinics. 

We have multiple locations around New York, including Malta, Clifton Park, Troy, Saratoga Springs, and Queensbury.

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658 Malta Ave., Ste 101
Malta, NY 12020

Phone: (518) 580-0553

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Saratoga Springs
414 Maple Ave Ste 200
Saratoga Springs, NY 12866

Phone: (518) 580-0553

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Clifton Park
1712 U.S. 9
Clifton Park, NY 12065

Phone: (518) 580-0553

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535 Bay Road
Queensbury, NY 12804

Phone: (518) 580-0553

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2200 Burdett Street Ste 206
Troy, NY 12180

Phone: (518) 580-0553

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